Australian Citations Explained
Updated: Jul 21
Australian Citations were instituted in 1991 and can be awarded to members of the Defence Force or civilians (Group Bravery Citation). There are three types of citations within the Australian Honours and Awards system.
For any questions about the history of medals or to trace your family military history, call our team at National Medals on 07 3871 0600.
Unit Citation For Gallantry
The Unit Citation for Gallantry is an award to recognise a group collectively involved in an action or incident. Those who were involved in the action or incident wear the version with the Federation Star situated in the middle of the citation. For members who join the unit later, they are allowed to wear the citation but without the Federation Star while they are attached to the unit. However, they are not entitled to wear the citation once they leave the unit.
Meritorious Unit Citation
The Meritorious Unit Citation is awarded to a unit for sustained outstanding service in warlike operations.
Those who participated in the “sustained outstanding service” wear the version with the Federation Star situated in the middle of the citation. For members who join the unit later, they are allowed to wear the citation but without the Federation Star while they are attached to the unit. However, they are not entitled to wear the citation once they leave the unit.
Group Citation for Bravery
The Group Citation for Bravery is awarded “For a collective act of bravery, by a group of persons in extraordinary circumstances”. The recipients can still also be recommended for other bravery medals as this citation recognises a group effort. Unlike the other two citations, the Group Citation for Bravery is also open to civilians.
In 2002 the citation was awarded to members of the State Emergency Services Queensland for a rescue mission off Mount Tibrogargan in the Glass House Mountains during a torrential storm.
The citation consists of a rhodium-plated silver frame with a sprig of wattle blossom in bronze centred on the frame.
Wearing the Group Citation for Bravery
The citation is worn on the left lapel or left breast by recipients of the award.
For any questions regarding citations please contact our team on 07 3871 0600.